There are 5 general steps in the Peer Resolution (PR) process.
- Referral: A child is referred to PR from his/her school (in the case of the School-based PR in Tobago) or the Court (in the case of Court-annexed PR in Trinidad and Tobago). Both the child and his/her parent(s)/guardian must agree to this option.
- Intake: The child meets with a Peer Resolution Administrator who ensures that the child and his/her parent(s)/guardian understand the process and what to expect.
- Hearing: The child attends a hearing where he/she is questioned by Peer Assessors and receives sanctions after the Peer Assessors have deliberated. Under Court-annexed PR, the Court will review the recommended sanctions and make an order sanctioning the child.
- Post-hearing: The child and his/her parent(s)/guardian meet with the Peer Resolution Administrator to ensure that they understand the details of the child's sanctions.
- Monitoring and Compliance: In School-based PR, an adult volunteer provides support to the child and monitors to ensure that the child carries out his/her sanctions. If the child successfully completes the sanctions given, the offence is removed from the child's school record. If the child does not successfully complete his/her sanctions, the matter is reverted to the school to be dealt with through the normal school disciplinary process. Under the Court-annexed PR, a child's probation officer will monitor and report to the Court on the compliance or non-compliance of the child. Once the sanctions are completed, the Court may order that no conviction be recorded.